The Influence of Soil Fertility on Lucerne Production in the Transylvanian Plain

Marilena MÄ‚RGHITAȘ, Constantin TOADER, Mihaela MIHAI, Lavinia MOLDOVAN, Andra Ramona PORUÅ¢IU

Abstract


The research emphasizes the influence of natural fertility of cambic phaeozem (cambic chernozem) in the Transylvanian Plain on the production of fodder lucerne (green mass and hey) cultivated in an area with soils having a high quality from the point of view of fertility and favorability for most agricultural and horticultural plants cultivated. From a nutritional point of view, fodder lucerne is considered to be a highly pretentious plant towards nutritional elements, being a perennial species that exploits the field for 7-10 or more years. It forms an abundant vegetative mass and a high quality of fodder per surface unit. It is a species that exhibits high consumption of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium and also microelements and it requires a complex maintenance technology, in order to achieve high quantitative and qualitative fodder productions, during the exploitation years. In this context, this research was set la analyze Soporu de Câmpie village area, situated in Cluj County, in the Transylvanian Plain, an area that has been blessed with priceless gifts and which is suitable for a durable and profitable conservative agriculture. Ever since ancient times, the inhabitants of this village had as main activities agriculture, pomiculture and animal breeding, the area being characterized by low hills landscapes, flat lands with moderate slopes. Soils, the majority of them phaeozems are typical for this area and they have high humus content, are well structured and ventilated and from the fertility point of view they are considered to be highly productive.


Keywords


fertility, soil, productivity, lucerne.

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