Blood Transfusion with Canine Blood in Two Cats with Hypovolemic Anemia

Orsolya SARPATAKI, Ioana BEDECEAN, Razvan CODEA, Lucia BEL, Raul CATANA, Ioan MARCUS, Bogdan SEVASTRE

Abstract


Blood transfusion is the main element in the supportive therapy of anemia. Xenotransfusion (the transfusion of blood from another species) of canine blood to cats is still performed nowadays in critically anemic cats when compatible feline blood cannot be obtained. Two European Shorthair cats were presented in our clinic with signs of severe anemia. Due to lack of compatible feline blood at that time and considering the critical condition of the patients we performed blood transfusion with fresh whole canine blood. Both cats received 20mls/kg of canine blood with constant monitoring of heart rate, respiratory frequency and body temperature during transfusion.

Complete blood count and basic metabolic panel were performed after two days, one week and one month. No acute adverse reactions were reported in these feline patients, receiving a single transfusion with canine whole blood. In both cases, blood transfusions were able to elevate the PCV and the hemoglobin levels, and to improve the clinical condition within hours. Plasma biochemistry performed after two days, one week and one month showed no significant changes.

In emergency cases, transfusion of canine blood may allow short-term stabilization of the anemic cat. Such a transfusion can support the patient until adequate bone marrow response occurs. Despite the fact that no obvious side effects were found, more clinical data are needed to conclude the benefit and the limits of blood xenotransfusion.


Keywords


canine, blood, feline, xenotransfusion

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:10622




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