The Efficiency of Rectal Fluid Therapy in Moderately Dehydrated Horses

Patricia AȘTELEAN, Eva DIUGAN, Cristian MOLNAR, Orsolya SÁRPATAKI, Răzvan CODEA, Alexandra I. BLIDARU, Adrian POTARNICHE, Ioan MARCUS, Bogdan SEVASTRE

Abstract


Dehydration and hydro-electrolytic imbalances are relatively common and life threatening conditions in many animal species including horses. In the present study, we highlighted the efficacy of rectal rehydration in horses, nowadays less commonly used. The study was performed on eight non-pregnant mares (Romanian semigreus and Lipiţan breeds), from Beclean horse stud farm, affected by mild dehydration. The method consists in rectal administration in the form of a high enema of a balanced polyionic solution by using an esophageal tube; the solution contains water, sodium chloride and potassium chloride. Blood samples were collected on EDTA and procoagulant vacutainers, before and after fluid therapy. Laboratory investigations include complete blood count and electrolytes measurement, total protein, albumin, and creatinine. Expectedly, dehydrated animals shown borderline elevated hematocrit associated with mild relative hyperproteinemia and hypernatremia, and elevated uremia levels. In all cases, the parameters were restored in response to therapy, and no side effects were recorded.

Keywords


dehydration, high enema, horse

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:004917




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