Microbiological Assessment of Raw Meat Used in Fast-Food Products Sold for Public Consumption

Gheorghe ILE, Alexandra TABARAN, Sorin Daniel DAN, Romolica MIHAIU, Oana REGET, Marian MIHAIU

Abstract


Raw meat contains sufficient nutrients to support microbial growth and because of that the proper surveillance of the meat products destined for public consumption is mandatory. The purpose of this study was to conduct a microbiological risk assessment regarding the safety of pork, chicken and beef meat products found in fast –food units from Transylvania area. One hundred and seventy samples of raw meat(n=35) and fried foods made of pork(n=39), chicken(n=45)and beef products(n=51) were purchased randomly from 5 different fast-food units located in the study area.The determination performed in order to assess the safety was the total number of Enterobacteriaceae, evaluation of toxigenic E. coli and Salmonella spp. presence, which is also the parameter requested by the current regulation. The levels of contamination with Enterobacteriaceae that exceeded the current legislation limit were 6/39 (15%), 6/45 (13%) and 5/51 (9%) in cooked pork, chicken and respectively beef meat. Given the similar rate of contaminations among these three categories of food there were no statistical differences noticed (p>0.05). Results showed that in 35 of 170 (20%) collected food samples were found total Enterobacteriaceae count over 3 log CFU/g and 12 of 170 (7%) were found with coliform bacteria. Raw meat destined for fast-food industry can represent a risk for public health if hygiene and refrigerating conditions are not properly monitored.

Keywords


meat, risk, public, safety

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:005017




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