Determination of the Mean Electrical Axis in Dogs and Cats (Mini-Review)

Cristian BROJBĂ


In this study we set out to reveal the practical importance of the determination of the mean electrical axis (MEA) in dogs and cats. The Hexaxial Reference System is used for the determination of the cardiac electrical axis. We described 2 methods, that are used the most frequently and we confirmed that the movement of the mean electrical axis is useful in the diagnosis of cardiac diseases.


electrocardiogram, lead, mean electrical axis

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