Feline Infectious Peritonitis: Clinical and Anatomopathological Aspects

Cristina HORHOGEA, Ivona LAIU, Iulia MĂCIUCĂ, Cristina RÎMBU, Mihai CARP-CĂRARE

Abstract


Feline infectious peritonitis is an infectious fatal disease of cats, caused by
feline infectious peronitis virus (FIPV), a variety of feline enteric coronavirus that has
undergone a mutation. Research has been conducted on a total of 24 cat breeds and ages, 22
with clinical signs of wet form of feline infectious peritonitis, and 2 suspected of dry form.
Using RT-PCR the coronavirus was identified only in 10 (7 were females and 3 males.) of
the14 ascites fluid. The cats presented progressive weakness, recurrent fever, difficulty in
breathing, icteric mucous membranes, abdominal cavity fluid, chronic diarrhea, dyspnea,
chronic nephritis, hepatosis, gastritis, pleuropneumonia and, rarely, in dry form, severe
uveitis. Following necropsy, large amount of ascites fluid in the abdominal cavity, organs
covered with fibrin, increased volume of mesenteric lymph node, spleen, liver.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:2:68:6892




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