Behavior of Cattle as an Indicator of their Health and Welfare

Renata RELIĆ, Slavča HRISTOV, Mirjana JOKSIMOVIĆ-TODOROVIĆ, Vesna DAVIDOVIĆ, Jovan BOJKOVSKI

Abstract


Public and consumer pressure for assurances that farm animals are bred humanelyhas led to develop a range of methods to assess compliance with welfare standards. On-farmassessment of animal welfare requires a combination of animal-based measures to assess the actualstate of welfare and resource-based measures to identify risk factors by giving advantage to the noninvasivemethods like monitoring of animal behavior.Changes in behavior can be good indicators of animal health status, and both are related to theanimals’ breading conditions. For farmers and professionals is very important to know how todistinguish normal from abnormal behavior and to recognize signs of pain and suffering in animals.Beside improvement of breeding conditions and welfare of animals, identifying of changes in cattlebehavior allows prompt reaction in occurrence of certain diseases and provides conditions for safe andefficient work. In the article some of the common changes in cattle behavior caused by uncomfortableenvironment and associated with certain health problems are given.

Keywords


cattle, behavior, health, breeding conditions, welfare

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:69:1-2:8847


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