Aspects of The Welfare of Dairy Cows in Farms with Tied Breeding System and Action of the Upstream Factors. Part I

Cristina EL MAHDY, Silvana POPESCU, Cristin BORDA, Anca BOARU


Animal shelters are the undersized in terms of requirements towards the necessary of fresh air, and the introduction of clean air which can be achieved only through unorganized ventilation leading to the creation of large currents of air in the winter. Hygiene score, CCI, SSI indicates a rethinking of the shelters by increasing the area of accommodation and greater attention for udder hygiene and health. The transition from manual to mechanical milking management applied in the farm affects the health of the mammary gland in different proportions.


cow, comfort index, sheltering, welfare

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