Minerals and Total Polyphenolic Content of Some Vegetal Powders

Roxana E. TUFEANU, Cecilia GEORGESCU, Adina FRUM, Mihaela A. TIȚA, Ovidiu TIȚA

Abstract


The total polyphenolic content and minerals were determined for chia seeds, Psyllium husks and watermelon rind powder. The minerals content was performed by using the Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emissions Spectrometer and Atomic Absorption Spectrometer, technique FIAS-Furnace (for Se). The sample with the highest content of polyphenols was chia (2.69 mg GAE/g s.) followed by the watermelon rind powder. Reduced amounts of polyphenols were found in the Psyllium husks. Also, the total polyphenol concentration increased with the increase of the extraction time on the ultrasonic water bath. Minerals analysis indicated that powders obtained from chia seeds and watermelon rind contained large amounts of potassium, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium. The most abundant mineral in the Psyllium husks powder was found potassium, followed by calcium. In conclusion, these powders can be used as ingredients for functional food and food supplements production due to the high nutritional content and bioactive properties.

Keywords


bioactive compounds, chia, watermelon rind, Psyllium husks

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-asb:0002


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