Influence of Pectolytic Enzymes on the Quality of Wine Maceration

Ioana REBENCIUC, Ovidiu TIȚA

Abstract


Obtaining high-quality wines with a registered designation of origin means making the most of the specific features of the variety and those imprinted with technology and the place of harvesting. The aroma is due to the chemical compounds of terpenic nature that accumulate in the grapes (variety flavors) and the secondary aromas that are formed during the alcoholic fermentation and the aging period of the wines (Amrani, and Glories, 1995). The wine-making of the varieties is followed by the appreciation of the primary grapes. This is achieved by preferential maceration of the must by means of enzymes (Marin et al., 1998). The technology of aromatic wines has two fundamental objectives: extracting the primary aromas of grapes (terpenols) and favoring the formation of secondary fermentation aromas. In order to obtain aromatic wines with variety typology, the preferential stage is decisive. Pectolytic enzyme preparations are used in oenology to accelerate and complete the extraction and clarification processes of the must, extracting and stabilizing the color, highlighting the varietal aromatic potential of the varieties and improving the filterability and maturation of the wines.

Keywords


pectolyticenzymes, maceration, terpenols

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-asb:000417


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