Biological activities (antioxidant and antimicrobial activity) of the aqueous extracts and essential oil of Ammoides verticillata (Nounkha)

Ramdane MOHAMED SAID, Nabahat BENMANSOUR

Abstract


The phytochemical review conducted on the aerial part Ammoides verticillata has revealed the presence of six chemical families: flavonoids, tannins; gallic tannins, anthocyanins and the coumarins, cateichic tannins. The aqueous extract of the Ammoides verticillata could bring back the stable free radical 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) to the yellow-colored diphenylpicrylhydrazine with an IC50 of 0.020 mg.mL-1. It is gifted with antioxidant activity, however it was less effective than vitamin C (0.001 mL-1). The essential oil of the Ammoides verticillata has presented a strong antimicrobial activity against Gram negatif germs targets of original clinical action: E. coli (ESBL) (37 mm), E. coli (39.5 mm), Klebsiella pneumoniae (36.5 mm) and especially with the yeast: Candida albicans ATCC 10231 (47 mm) and Saccharomyces cerevisie ATCC (42 mm), which are highly sensitive to the oil inhibitory action. However, the oil has presented a low activity against the bacteria P. aeruginosa (12.5 mm).

Keywords


Ammoides verticillata; essential oil; aqueous extract; organic activities.

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-asb:2018.0006


University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine
3-5 Manastur St., 400372 Cluj-Napoca
Romania
Tel: +40-264-596.384 | Fax: +40-264-593.792 
biroupublicatii@usamvcluj.ro