Varroa Destructor and the Sustainability of Apis Mellifera - an Overview

Alexandru Ioan GIURGIU, Adela Ramona MOISE, Daniel Severus DEZMIREAN

Abstract


Varroa destructor is a parasitic mite that represents a major global threat for the Western honeybee Apis mellifera. This parasite managed to switch from its natural host the Eastern honeybee, A. cerana, and within a few decades, it spread among A. mellifera populations around the world. Today beekeepers are using a variety of different acaricides to keep the parasite population under control. However, for many of these substances, the parasite evolved resistance asking for the development of novel compounds. Hence the treatment is less suited as a sustainable tool in honeybee health; consequently, other alternative options are needed, and breeding of Varroa resistant honeybees have been suggested as a more sustainable solution. Here we reviewed the successful efforts and the apicultural procedures needed to be implemented to achieve resistant honeybees. We also describe the underlying resistance mechanisms and discuss the benefits of breeding within regional populations, considering the biodiversity aspects of A. mellifera.

Keywords


A. mellifera; breeding; resistant honeybees; Varroa destructor.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-asb:0023.19




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