A Review of Incubation Parameters in the Japanese Quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

Lucian IONIŢĂ, Elena POPESCU-MICLOŞANU, Ioan CUSTURĂ

Abstract


The purpose of the present research is to find out the present degree of scientific research regarding the the incubation for the Japanese quail. Following this research it can affirmed that the quails’ eggs for incubation are best preserved at a temperature of 12°-15°C and a humidity of 70%. Stocking the eggs for 20 days at 7.5ºC and 50% humidity doesn’t influence negatively the eclosion performances, but at a temperature of 28o C the ecolsion percentage becomes zero after 10 days of stocking. Quails’ eggs incubation is made at temperatures that are still under discussion, that vary in large limits from 37.5ºC to 40ºC in the incubator. The temperature during the incubation must be in general 37.5º-37.7ºC (respectively 99.5ºF– 99.8ºF). The air relative humidity should be 50-60% in the incubator and 70-80 % in the eclosion machine. The best position of the eggs in the incubator is horizontal along the longitude axis, followed by the vertical position with the sharp vertex facing downwards. Eggs rotation should be made 2–3 times per day for the incubation period. It is necessary to have a rotation angle of at least 45º, while using of a 180º rotation provides better results.

Keywords


quail, incubation parametters

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-asb:67:1-2:5280


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