Bee Collected Pollen – General Aspects and Chemical Composition

Rodica MĂRGĂOAN, Liviu Al. MĂRGHITAŞ, Daniel DEZMIREAN, Cristina M. MIHAI, Otilia BOBIŞ


Pollen represents the male reproductive cells collected by honeybees from flower stamens. The nutritional and medicinal value of bee pollen is known for centuries. With orange to red pigments, it provides nutrition through its considerable amounts of proteins, sterols, vitamins, fatty acids, phenol compounds and other physiologically active compounds. As a healthy bee product, pollen is considered to be the first-rate reservoir of antioxidants. Worldwide interest in bee pollen has recently developed as more information on their chemical composition and physiological effects has become highlighted. Bee collected pollen is regarded as valuable special food, having different health enhancing effects, also used in apitherapy. Its value is given by the content in amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates, mineral salts, vitamins, polyphenols, carotenoids, which depends on the botanical source available to bees.


bee pollen, carotenoids, chemical composition, therapeutically effects, vitamins

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