Vegetable Production in an Integrated Aquaponic System with Rainbow Trout and Spinach

Stefan Mihai Petrea, Victor Cristea, Lorena Dediu, Maria Contoman, Paul Lupoae, Mirela (Cretu) Mocanu, Marian Tiberiu Coada


Abstract. Background: In an integrated aquaponic system, the ratio between nitrogen production and plant assimilation is a key factor for system efficiency. That is why plant density is very important to be appropriate. Aims: The aim of this study is to expose the performances of growth parameters, both in terms of quantity and quality, for Nores variety spinach (Spinacia oleracea) produced in an aquaponic integrated system along with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), under three plant densities (V1 - 59 plants/m2, V2 - 48plants/m2 and V3 - 39plants/m2). Materials and methods: The experimental design consist in a recirculating aquaculture system with 12 growing units, mechanical and biological water treatment units and four aquaponic units. Three plants densities were used (59, 48 and 39plants/m2). A fish stocking density of 136fish/m3 was used. Plants initial and final biomass was taken and a series of periodic measurements were made. Chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids, ash and dry matter were determined from spinach leaf. Results: The plant biomass gain registered good values and the quality of final plant products, given by the chlorophyll a, b, carotenoids and dry matter content were in the optimal variation interval, comparing to market spinach. Significant differences (p<0.05) between variants were observed. Conclusion: In the present research work, we demonstrated that significant differences (p<0.05) were recorded in terms of growth performance between the three experimental variants and that the quality of spinach growth in an integrated aquaponic system with rainbow trout is similar to that of the market spinach.


aquaponic system, spinach, rainbow trout, chlorophyll, carotenoids, ash, dry matter.

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