SURVEY ON THE STATUS OF COCCIDIOSIS AND THE DIFFERENT PROPHYLAXISES FOR ITS CONTROL IN THE WILAYA OF BLIDA (ALGERIA)
Coccidiosis is a constraint that hinders the development of poultry production and causes enormous economic losses. In order to make a report and an evaluation of the status of coccidiosis in broiler farms in the wilaya of Blida as well as to know the different prophylaxis for its control. A survey was carried out by questionnaire on the ground with breeders and veterinarians. The results obtained revealed for the zootechnical parameters that the breeding practices and the hygienic and sanitary conditions were acceptable. The most common pathologies according to poultry farmers were chronic respiratory diseases followed by coccidiosis and, to a lesser extent, colibacillosis. Breeders said the finisher mortality was 56%. Regarding preventive treatments, the use of antistress and anticoccidials in food has been reported; however, 32% of breeders and 29% of veterinarians used or prescribed another anticoccidial added to the drinking water. Coccidiosis is encountered for 2/3 of farmers; and all veterinarians and is most observed in winter. All veterinarians have affirmed the use of Diclazuril as a curative treatment. Breeders and veterinarians declared knowing anticoccidial alternatives (such as Origostim) and having used or prescribed them for 60% and 53% of them respectively. Good husbandry practices are essential for successful breeding. Anticoccidial prophylaxis is based on chemoprevention, however the development of antibiotic resistance is prompting research to develop new biological alternatives.
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