ROMANIAN ZEOLITES FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE: ENHANCING VEGETABLE GROWTH AND NUTRIENT EFFICIENCY

  • Lucian Dordai
  • Marius Roman
Keywords: Romanian zeolites, sustainable agriculture, vegetable growth, nutrient efficiency, soil fertility

Abstract

Zeolites, natural crystalline aluminosilicate minerals, possess unique properties such as high cation exchange capacity, porosity, and ion selectivity, which make them promising candidates for improving soil fertility and plant performance. This scientific article aimed to investigate the potential of Romanian zeolites as a sustainable agricultural amendment for enhancing vegetable growth and nutrient efficiency. This study conducted a series of greenhouse experiments using different vegetable crops, including tomatoes, cucumbers, and lettuce. Romanian zeolite samples were applied to the soil at varying rates, and the plants' growth parameters, nutrient uptake, and nutrient use efficiency were evaluated. The results demonstrated that incorporating Romanian zeolites in the soil significantly enhanced vegetable growth parameters, including plant height, shoot biomass, and root development. Moreover, zeolite-amended plants exhibited improved nutrient uptake, particularly for essential nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The zeolite amendment enhanced nutrient use efficiency, as indicated by higher nutrient uptake per unit of applied fertilizer. Further analysis revealed that the zeolite amendment positively influenced soil properties, such as increased water-holding capacity and improved nutrient retention. These improvements in soil conditions contributed to enhanced plant performance and nutrient availability. Overall, the findings of this study highlight the potential of Romanian zeolites as an effective and sustainable agricultural amendment for enhancing vegetable growth and nutrient efficiency. The results provide valuable insights for farmers, agronomists, and researchers interested in optimizing nutrient management and improving crop productivity in sustainable agriculture systems.

Published
2023-07-19
Section
Research articles