CLIMATE CHANGES AND SOIL EROSION

  • Oana Răcușan University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture and Rural Development Business, Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Department, Mănăştur St.3-5, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Marcel Dîrja University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Forestry and Land Survey
Keywords: soil, soil erosion, climate change, human activities, vegetation

Abstract

A percentage of 95% of the food consumed by the population is produced, directly or indirectly, on the soil. Along with food, functional soils play an essential role in water supply and resilience to floods and droughts by capturing and storing water, then making it available for uptake by spontaneous vegetation and crops. Certainly, the most important aspect is that soil is a finite resource, which means that its loss and degradation take a very long time to rehabilitate. Balance is very important, especially when the stakes are high, and here we are talking about three elements, namely climate change, human actions and soil erosion phenomena, which condition each other in a negative sense, but which can condition in the opposite sense, even if some phenomena are no longer reversible, they can certainly be slowed down or stopped.

Published
2023-12-31
Section
Research articles