IRRIGATED POTATO CROP IN TRADITIONAL FARMS IN LETCA AREA SALAJ COUNTY

Bianca Cecilia Florian Malschi, E. Luca

Abstract


The potato is one of the most important plant food, forage and industrial. In theindustry potato is an important raw material for spirits, starch, dextrin and glucose. The potatoensure high quantity of protein (310 kg / ha) and energy (12 896 Mcal / ha), situated in second placeafter barley and breweries. Given the importance of potato in food and feed, in Romania between1998 - 2001 he ensured the largest quantity of dry substance, protein and energy per hectare, infavorable climatic conditions for this crop. In the context of sustainable agriculture, potato is morevaluable talking about the agronomic, economic and ecological indicators: the environment,consumer health protection, landscape quality.This study presents researches about technology inirrigated potato crop, adapted at the global warming and aridisation in traditional farms in centralTransylvania, Somes Plateau, the Letca zone. The results of this study shows the dangerous periodsof severe drought in recent years, which may endanger potato and they are justifying the irrigationtechnology development on zone small and medium farms. Analyzing the results obtained in dryyears 2011-2012, for the two studied Romanian varieties (Redsec and Milenium), we foundedprovided production increases by applying irrigation, higher production was achieved in 2011,compared with yields of 2012 disaster situations frequently recorded in the country.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/arspa.v83i3-4.9062



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