Response of Intercropping Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) with Cowpea and Nitrogen Application on Growth and Yield of Sorghum

  • Nuru Seid TEHULIE Mekdela Amba University, 21, Gimba, Amhara, 1000, Ethiopia
  • Taminaw Zewdie NIGATIE Mekdela Amba University, 21, Gimba, Amhara, 1000, Ethiopia
Keywords: crop growth rate, cropping systems, intercropping, land equivalent ratio, sorghum

Abstract

Sorghum grain yields have remained low despite the emergence of higher yield varieties, due to inadequate soil fertility, unsuitable cropping patterns, and restricted nitrogen fertilizer application (N). Cowpea integration and N utilization in sorghum-based cropping systems are likely to boost yield. However, knowledge of the impacts of sorghum-cowpea intercropping, nitrogen usage, and their interactions on companion crop performance is lacking. The effect of sorghum-cowpea intercropping and three N rates on the growth and yield of two sorghum varieties (ETS 2752 and ETS 4946) and two cowpea varieties (Keti and Bole) was investigated in RCBD with a split-plot arrangement, replicated three times. Sorghum grain yield was positively correlated with harvest index, fertile tiller m-2, leaf area index, panicle weight, and CGR. Sorghum/cowpea intercropping was more productive than sole (LER>1). ETS 2752 was superior to ETS 4946 in terms of growth and yield, hence it is recommended to farmers for commercial production. Therefore, the sole cropping system and N addition were effective in enhancing growth and grain yield of sorghum and cowpea, hence recommended for commercial production of ETS 2752. Intercropping is only recommended for sorghum production to improve household food security since it improves land productivity (LER>1).

Author Biographies

Nuru Seid TEHULIE, Mekdela Amba University, 21, Gimba, Amhara, 1000, Ethiopia

Department of Plant Science

Taminaw Zewdie NIGATIE, Mekdela Amba University, 21, Gimba, Amhara, 1000, Ethiopia

Department of Plant Science

Published
2024-05-15