The Importance of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas in Medicinal Plants

Roxana VIDICAN, Vlad STOIAN, Florin PĂCURAR, Anca PLEȘA, Ioana VAIDA

Abstract


Medicinal plants represent a highly valuable resource, which is part of human life since ancient times. Most of these species are collected from wildlife, where their survival is assured by the capacity of symbiosis with arbuscular mycorrhizas. The aim of this study was to analyse the number of articles published between 2002-2021, based on arbuscular mycorrhiza and medicinal plants topic. The number of articles in the analysed period was only 102, with an increase in the last 5 years. The main direction of the researches were toward the understanding and defining mycorrhizal status of medicinal plants, collected from spontaneous flora and from botanical collections. This direction was completed by studies regarding inoculation potential with arbuscular mycorrhizas, which aimed to increase the content in active compounds or to assure the sustainability of cropping systems. The analysis of the main categories to which the articles belong relieved that plant sciences and agronomy have more than 60% in share, completed by the 10% associated to environmental sciences. This topic is important for Romanian research, due to the high diversity of natural ecosystems and the high number of medicinal plant species. The better understanding of colonization status and the use of arbuscular mycorrhiza as inoculum are wo important directions which need more attention in the future in order to increase the sustainability of medicinal plant field.
Keywords:


Keywords


Salvia sclarea L., inbred, male sterility lines, three lines.

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