Therapeutic Effects of Valerian (Valeriana officinalis L.)

  • Diana ZAHARIE
  • Larisa ACHIM
  • Leon MUNTEAN
Keywords: anxiety, essential oil, insomnia, rhizome, sleep, stress, Valeriana officinalis


Valerian is a plant that is endemic to mild parts of the America, Europe and Asia. It is used as an opiate, especially in the cure of restlessness, and almost all herbal sleep aids contain valerian. Valerian contains many compounds who act synergistically. Preparations containing valerenic acid may be regulated. This species is spreading in spontaneous flora, in humid and cloudy areas (woods, wet meadows), especially in hilly and mountainous areas. It was taken and broad in culture and in the present the raw material of valerian comes, mostly, from cultures. Valerian essential oil is known for its calmative and anxiolytic activity, whereas valepotriates are known to apply a regulative effect on the autonomous nervous system. This medicinal plant used to help various health problems including insomnia, anxiety, heart problems and more others; has been used pharmaceutically for at least of 2000 years in the cures of brain disorders and also as treatment of varied nervous disorders, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, diuretic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue and hysteria. The present review presents the biological evidence of this plant which is very helpful in combating sleep problems and has no negative effects on long term. Although, the valerian tea is known to not have negative impacts, overdosing may lead to intestinal issues.