Correlations between the Height of Malva sylvestris Plants and Some Growth and Development Elements with a Determining Role on Herb Production
The present work aims to improve the necessary knowledge for the introduction into cultivation of Malva sylvestris L. These studies were carried out at the National Research and Development Institute for Potato and Sugar Beet Brasov, within the Department of Technology and Good Agricultural Practices, Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Laboratory. Malva sylvestris L. (mallow) is an annual, biennial or perennial plant, common in areas with milder perennial climates. It is an herbaceous plant, has an erect stem, leaves, alternately arranged, long-petiolate, palmate-lobed with 5-7 lobes, with unevenly toothed edges. Mallow flowers are odourless, they have a mucilaginous taste. Petals vary from white - pink - emarginate ruffles. Concentric staminal filaments are arranged in a column surrounding the styles. It has been used for phytotherapeutic purposes since biblical times, in the treatment of internal and external inflammations, also in the form of poultices in the case of injuries. Literature has shown multiple biological effects in this species, from anti-inflammatory, healing, antibacterial and anticancer, antioxidant effects. During the experimental years, during the growing season, biometric determinations were carried out to highlight the phenological stages of vegetative and generative organ formation.