Root System Distribution of Sweet Cherry Trees Grafted on Vigorous Rootstock in Molic Eutricambosoil in Northern Transylvania

Zsolt JAKAB-ILYEFALVI

Abstract


The type of the root system development of different species and cultivars gives valuable information for choosing of proper rootstock/scion combinations in different soils and soil horizons, the establishment of active rhizosphere where the input nutrition can give maximum results. Researches showed that cherry grafted on a vigorous rootstock in molic eutricambosoil develops a root system which is mainly horizontally spread (88-90°), in some rare cases with angles of 45°, with 5-7 strong V order roots (>80 mm) which provides good anchorage for trees. To the periphery the roots reached up to 6.5-8.5 m in the old trees and 3.5 m in the young trees. The depth of the root system achieved 2.0-2.5 m in the old trees and 1.0-1.5 m in the young trees. The highest quantity of roots were observed between 18-60 cm depth in both young and old trees.


Keywords


eutricambosoil; main order roots; rhizosphere.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:2020.0046




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