Effect of Fertilizers with Urease wnd Nitrification Inhibitors on Durum Wheat Crop on Yield and Quality (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum)

Antigolena FOLINA, Ioanna KAKABOUKI, Ioannis ROUSSIS, Antonis MAVROEIDIS, Stella KARYDOGIANNI, Varvara KOYNELI, Aspasia EFTHIMIADOU, Nikolaos KATSENIOS, Vasilis TSOUKANAS, Dimitrios BILALIS

Abstract


Conventional agricultural has a significant role in climate change. For this reason, farmers choose more innovative practices such as fertilizers inhibitors. Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. subsp. durum) is the most cultivated winter crop in the Mediterranean basin. The scope of this study is to determine the improvement of the fertilizer yield by adding nitrification (DMPSA) and urease (NBPT) inhibitor in urea in durum wheat crop. Meridiano variety was evaluated for one growing period through 2019–2020 under two basic fertilization (20-20-0 and 12-40-0 (+10S +Zn). The experiments were designed according to split-plot design, 2 main plots (basic fertilization) and 7 subplots (top fertilization). The top fertilization were the various urea combination treatments (urea, urea + urease inhibitor thiophosphoric-triamide (NBPT) (UI), urea + nitrogen inhibitor 3,4- dimethylpyrazole succinic (DMPSA) and control. Nitrogen markers, such as nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), nitrogen harvest index and nitrogen agronomic efficiency (NAE) were used to evaluate nitrogen release. The length of the inflorescences was over 20 cm for all fertilizations. Regarding basic fertilization, larger inflorescences were recorded with 12-40-0 (+10S +Zn). The grain protein content and nitrogen were higher by 1-2% under basic basic fertilization 20-20-0. Grain and biomass production were increased with both fertilizers’ inhibitors (NBPT and DMPSA). Between two inhibitors, urease inhibitor (NBPT) yielded higher than DMPSA.

Keywords


durum wheat; DMPSA; NBPT; nitrogen management; NUE; NAE.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-hort:2021.0034




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