Scab Resistance in some Apples Genotypes from the UASVM Collection Cluj-Napoca
Apple is one of the most consumed fruits in the world and as well one of the most important crops in temperate areas. Apple scab, caused by Venturia inaequalis is damaging diseases that affects apple species and causes up to 70% yield losses depending of cultivar’s resistance. In order to control this disease, costly chemical pesticides are necessary, which increase the pollution of environment by their toxicity. This study is focused on checking the behaviour of certain apple varieties from the pomological collection at UASVM Cluj-Napoca against apple scab infection. Nine apple cultivars ('Fuji Kiku', 'Red Cap', 'Lena', 'Katja', 'Gala Mitchgla', 'Fiesta', 'Yellow', 'Pinova' and 'Reinette du Canada'), were analysed in terms of behaviour to scab attack on leaves and fruits. Visual observations were completed by molecular analyses for the potential presence of the Vf gene in some cases. Combining results from visual observation and molecular assays, the 'Lena' and 'Pinova' cultivars were noted as resistant to scab in our field trial conditions. This indicates a good opportunity to bring them into apple breeding programs for resistance to apple scab.
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