Co-operation with China as an Element of a New Strategy of Management of Polish Horticultural Seeds Companies
AbstractAfter changing an economic system in Poland from socialistic into capitalistic in 1989, Polish horticultural seed companies went through crucial and drastic changes. One of them consisted on developing a new strategy of management to produce more competitive and cheaper seeds. One of its elements was to move production of seeds from European locations to China. The most important advantages of it were: more favorable weather conditions, longer vegetation period, lack of some diseases recorded, lower economic risk of production, lower labour price, higher quality of the final product and increasing their own selling record through entering a Chinese market. The most profitable production in China is carried out on hybrid cultivars, in which no male sterile forms are available and therefore much hand labour is needed. The paper shows a scheme of the Polish-Chinese co-operation in seed business and market relations. This newly developed strategy has been highly profitable for both Polish and Chinese seed companies. Moreover, it has increased the seed trade turnover between our both countries. It also stimulates Chinese seed production companies to introduce new technologies and learn know-how.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
a) Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
b) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
c) Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).