Mineral Nitrogen Fertilization of Sweet Corn in Central Transylvania I. In Conventional Agricultural System

  • Mirela Irina CORDEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania;
  • Marin ARDELEAN University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania;
  • Voichita HAS Agricultural Research and Development Station Turda, 27 Agriculturii Street. 401100 Turda
  • Agnes BORS University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania;
  • Lucia MIHALESCU Northern University, Baia Mare, Romania

Abstract

Five Romanian sweet corn hybrids (Prima, Dulcin, Estival, Deliciul verii and T145) were tested in three years (2008-2010) in three locations of Central Transylvania with obviously different soil and climatic conditions. The experiments were organized in a split-plot design in which, on a general level of organic fertilization (40 t/ha manure), four levels of mineral N fertilization were applied: N0, N50, N100 and N150. Ear yield (with and without husk) was registered each year and location and a superiority index (Pi) was computed according to the procedure suggested by Lin and Binns (1988). The shares of G and G x E effects in the total value of Pi were also computed and thus the tested hybrids were classified on the basis of their yield stability expressed by Pi index, ear yield level and the prevalence of G or G x E effects in the total value of Pi. Quite expectedly, the highest ear yields were recorded in all tested hybrids, when N100 and N150 were applied. Fertilization with N50 had no significant effects on ear yield in either hybrid. Prima cv. reacted very poorly to increasing rates on mineral N, most probably due to its earliness. Dulcin and Estival were classified as most stable and high yielding hybrids in all experimental environments while Prima showed the lowest stability of its rather poor ear yield.