Survey Design to Estimate the Economic Values of Romanian National and Natural Parks

  • Diana Elena DUMITRAŞ University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Cristian Călin MERCE University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Ionel Mugurel JITEA University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Abstract

This paper presents the actions taken in an ongoing research project to reveal tourists’ preferences and attitudes towards recreation activities taken in the Romanian national and natural parks. The focus was on establishing the area of research and on creating the survey instrument to collect data in the field, needed to estimate the welfare measures associated to the parks. The area of research was determined based on the estimated number of visitors and the presence of visitor centres or information points. Thus, 10 parks were selected as research area. The design of the questionnaire receives a special attention because the non-market valuation techniques require the use of specific valuation question formats that need to be carefully formulated. The questionnaire incorporates valuation formats specific to different non-market valuation methods, in a way that respondents would be comfortable to provide accurate information. Collected data are organized in four main groups by the nature of their use and the non-market valuation methods to be utilized to determine the welfare measures. The organized and logical manner of constructing the steps provides a strong database that allows a reliable and effective analysis of data.