Studies Regarding the Variety and Planting Density Influence upon the Growth, Development and Yield of Chinese Cabbage

  • Eniko LACZI
  • Alexandru Silviu APAHIDEAN
  • Adelina DUMITRAȘ
  • Paunita BOANCA
  • Alexandru Ioan APAHIDEAN
  • Camelia TOMOS
Keywords: Chinese cabbage, development, growth, yield


: Introduction. Chinese cabbage is a less known vegetable in ourcountry, it wasn’t grown on large areas, but it can be cultivated with goodresults especially in Transylvanian Tableland specific conditions. Aims. This research had as main purpose the study of thevariety and planting density upon the growth, development and yield of headedChinese cabbage (Brassica campestrisvar. pekinensis (Lour.) Olson).Material and method. The research took place on the experimental fieldwhich belongs to the Vegetable Growing Department from the Faculty ofHorticulture from the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine from Cluj-Napoca, from August to December, in 2011. In the experiencestwo cultivars were used, both of them planted at three planting densities (100thousand plants/ha, 80 thousand plants/ha and 66.67 thousand plants/ha).Results. Higher yields were obtained at low plantingdensities at both of the cultivars. Taking into account the influence of theboth studied factors, the highest yield (69.67 t/ha) was obtained at Granatvariety, where planting was made at a density of 66.67 plants/ha. From the twocultivars the plants and cabbage heads from Granat variety had higher valuesfrom the height, diameter, number of leaves and weight point of view.Conclusion. Chinese cabbage can be cultivated with success inTransylvanian Tableland specific conditions, but there are necessary morestudies regarding the planting technology.