The Source and Consumption of Using Water for Irrigation in Rural Area: Study Case of Kurdistan Region, Iraq

  • Rezhen Harun
  • Felix H. Arion
  • Iulia C. Mureșan
Keywords: Water Demand, Water Shortage, Water Value, Water Policy


Abstract. Irrigation is the largest abuser of water, accurately fresh water. The scope for further irrigation development have to meet the water needs of rural area of Kurdistan region, however, severely constrained by decreasing water resources and environmental Issues in irrigation. While water resources are still ample, serious water shortages are developing in the arid and semi-arid regions as existing water resources reach full exploitation.  This paper presents the particularities of water resources in the rural area of Kurdistan region (North of Iraq) During 17th of June and 15th of September,2012 a research was conducted in the rural area of the KR, taken into consideration the precipitation zone so it can be done a clear distinguish among the three regions of Kurdistan. The research method used was the survey, based on questionnaire. The total number of questionnaires applies to the farmers was 236 in rural area of KRG. The use of water for irrigation, livestock etc, it is necessary to mention that in the KRG there is no regulation regarding the water consumption for rural area and the water scarce in the area imposes to adopt a proper legislation regarding the water pricing on one hand, and the ethics principals of water consumption on the other hand. Based on this it can be stated that people from rural area have major problem regarding the water availability. The inescapable conclusion is that irrigation has to produce more food with less water.