The Behaviour Of Some Chesnut Varieties In North - West Conditions Of Gorj County

  • Olimpia Alina IORDÄ‚NESCU Banat's University of Agricultural Since and Medicine Veterinare TimiÅŸoara
  • Alina GRIVEI
  • Daniela OLARU
Keywords: chestnut varieties, diameter and height of fruit, sugar, fatty substances, minerals


The chestnut culture in Romania is endangered, one of the reasons being cancer bark - Cryptonectria parasitica, in order to combat this disease is implementing its project support by the E.U. and Government of Romania proposing the ecological reconstruction of 60 ha Chestnut in Tismana areas. In this paper, we aimed to identify and study some chestnut varieties in conditions of tree localities in Gorj county: Tismana, Peștișani and Polovragi.

Chestnut fulfills a dual economic importance: as fruit tree species, concerning the fruits and as forest tree species, its wood approaching the oak tree quality.

Chestnut fruits are among the main nutritive components consumed also for their caloric value as for their rich and varied content of nourishing substances.

Mineral substances contained by fruits ensuring the acid-base balance at the cellular level, adjusting the osmotic process, contributing to the formation of hemoglobin. Those are located in fruits in the form of compounds of the main metals: K, Na, Ca, Fe, Mg, Cu, B etc. or salts of carbonic acid, phosphoric acid, hydrochloric.