Herbaceous Companion Plants for Iris in Cluj County

  • Ioana CriÈ™an University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Manastur St., 400372 Cluj-Napoca
  • Roxana Vidican
  • Orsolya Borsai
  • Andrei Stoie
  • Vlad Stoian
Keywords: hardiness, phenology, iris, green space, spring flowers, temperate garden.


Irises are beloved spring garden plants that do not require much care. Apart from their decorative value in landscape they also bring environmental benefits because they contribute to the improvement of soil stability while some species such as Iris pseudacorus was proven to have phytoremediation capacity. In order to achieve the highest possible result for the customer or public by using these species in green spaces, the following aspects must be taken into consideration: plant hardiness, location, landscape color scheme and plant associations. The aims of this study were to identify the potential use of Iris plants in green urban areas from Cluj County, and to establish suitable plant associations with other low-maintenance herbaceous flowering plants for easy landscaping.