Preliminary Data on the In Vitro Effect of Copper-Based Compounds on Aerobic Bacterial Microflora Isolated from Sheep Footrot
Contagious sheep footrot is an infectious disease with chronic evolution, usually enzootic, characterized by necrotic or necrotic-purulent inflammation of the soft tissues of the hoof, which causes partial or total detachment of the horn. Cu-based products represented by (I) 1-hydroxyquinoline + Cu on 5% hydroxyapatite, (II) 2 Hydroxyquinoline + Cu + NO3 on 5% Hydroxyapatite and (III) 3 Nitrohydroxyquinoline + Cu on 5% Hydroxyapatite were conditioned in aqueous suspension in a volume of 100 ml, pH 6,0 – 6,4. The products were placed into wells, 20 μL/well, along with 0.5 % copper sulphate solution (Cu control) and Enroxil and Oxitetracycline (control for antibiotics).
The results demonstrated that 7 of the samples (58.33 %) are sensitive to the product I, 6 samples (50%) to the product III, 4 samples (33.33 %) to the product 2 and the 0.5% Copper sulphate solution only has a bacteriostatic effect. In comparison to the two antibiotics, 9 samples (75 %) are sensitive to enrofloxacin and only 5 samples (41.66 %) to oxytetracycline. Regarding the associations of microorganisms in the samples with resistance, we have found that these are represented by the most common germs of genus Bacillus, Corynebacterium and Gram negative bacteria, and rarer associations with Micrococcus and Staphylococcus.
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