Research on the Values of Amplitudes of Electrocardiographic Waves Depending on Age in Kids

Dragos Corneliu COTOR, Gabriel GAJAILA, Aurel DAMIAN, Ana Maria ZAGRAI, Carmen PETCU, Simona CALIN, Adrian RADUTA, Crina ANDREI, Gavrilă ZAGRAI

Abstract


The electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphical recording of the cardiac electric activity during cardiac revolutions. This bio-current triggers and maintains the mechanical activity of the heart. Within this research, the amplitudes values of the electrocardiographic waves were determined in 6 leads: I, II, III, aVL, aVR and aVF. Thus, some electrocardiograms were recorded using limb lead in clinically healthy kids, aged 1 month, 3 months and 5 months, in order to achieve the proposed objectives. Then, the statistical analysis of the obtained results was performed using t (student) test.
As a consequence of the interpretation of the obtained results, it was noticed that the limb leads can be used successfully for recording the electrocardiogram in kids because it provides an easy aspect to interpret. The highest amplitude of the electrocardiographic waves is recorded in I lead, in the case of the 1 month old kids (having the following values: 0.115 mV ± 0.010 for P wave; 0.625 mV ± 0.078 for QRS complex; 0.460 mV ± 0.045 for T wave) and in II lead (having the following values for the 3 months old kids: 0.071 mV ± 0.015 for P wave; 0.540 mV ± 0.064 for QRS complex; 0.310 mV ± 0.052 for T wave and having the following values for the 5 months old kids: 0.071 mV ± 0.015 for P wave; 0.455 mV ± 0.028 for QRS complex; 0.430 mV ± 0.026 for T wave). It also found that the lowest amplitude of electrocardiographic waves is recorded in the aVF lead, but this lead cannot be used for ECG recording in kids.


Keywords


amplitude; electrocardiogram; derivation; kid.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15835/buasvmcn-vm:2020.0019




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