The Occurrence of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Fish Meat and Their Impact on Food Quality
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are organic compounds known to be potentially toxic for human health. Humans are exposed mostly through ingestion, but also through inhalation and skin contact. Thus, their concentrations in foods should be as low as possible. Fish products are appreciated as functional food, with high nutritional properties and organoleptic attributes. Despite these qualities, fish products may also contain PAHs. Humans are exposed to PAHs by eating fish meat, which can be contaminated from environmental sources, from industrial food processing methods, and from some home cooking practices. The main aspects concerning PAHs contamination of fish meat are briefly discussed: analysis and occurrence in some fish products, main factors and sources of contaminations, methodology of the determination of PAHs and current legislation on PAHs. The contamination of fish meat with PAHs has an impact on food quality. Mainly, topical studies from the last 20 years were taken into account, and also some studies that were the basis of the research in PAHs. The following platforms were used in the search: Web of Science and Scopus.
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